python 使用 json.loads 解码后编码变为 unicode 解决办法

写了一个小东西,更新入库,然后重新根据长度判断是否更新,这里遇到了坑,长度不一样,最后确定在json loads后编码问题.
编码不对会造成很多问题,比如字符串长度错误,无法匹配等等.
 
错误示例:
>>> import json
>>> original_list = [‘a’, ‘b’]
>>> json_list = json.dumps(original_list)
>>> json_list
‘["a", "b"]’
>>> new_list = json.loads(json_list)
>>> new_list
[u’a’, u’b’]  # I want these to be of type `str`, not `unicode`
 
解决办法,使用object_hook:
 
import json
 
def json_load_byteified(file_handle):
    return _byteify(
        json.load(file_handle, object_hook=_byteify),
        ignore_dicts=True
    )
 
def json_loads_byteified(json_text):
    return _byteify(
        json.loads(json_text, object_hook=_byteify),
        ignore_dicts=True
    )
 
def _byteify(data, ignore_dicts = False):
    # if this is a unicode string, return its string representation
    if isinstance(data, unicode):
        return data.encode(‘utf-8’)
    # if this is a list of values, return list of byteified values
    if isinstance(data, list):
        return [ _byteify(item, ignore_dicts=True) for item in data ]
    # if this is a dictionary, return dictionary of byteified keys and values
    # but only if we haven’t already byteified it
    if isinstance(data, dict) and not ignore_dicts:
        return {
            _byteify(key, ignore_dicts=True): _byteify(value, ignore_dicts=True)
            for key, value in data.iteritems()
        }
    # if it’s anything else, return it in its original form
    return data
 
将 json.loads 修改为 json_loads_byteified
使用示例:
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘{"Hello": "World"}’)
{‘Hello’: ‘World’}
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘"I am a top-level string"’)
‘I am a top-level string’
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘7’)
7
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘["I am inside a list"]’)
[‘I am inside a list’]
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘[[[[[[[["I am inside a big nest of lists"]]]]]]]]’)
[[[[[[[[‘I am inside a big nest of lists’]]]]]]]]
>>> json_loads_byteified(‘{"foo": "bar", "things": [7, {"qux": "baz", "moo": {"cow": ["milk"]}}]}’)
{‘things’: [7, {‘qux’: ‘baz’, ‘moo’: {‘cow’: [‘milk’]}}], ‘foo’: ‘bar’}
>>> json_load_byteified(open(‘somefile.json’))
{‘more json’: ‘from a file’}
 
转载自:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/956867/how-to-get-string-objects-instead-of-unicode-from-json

 

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